Right-wing Politics

Right-wing Politics

Right-wing Politics

In politics, the Right, right-wing, and rightist have been defined as acceptance or support of social hierarchy. Inequality is viewed by the Right as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, whether it arises through traditional social differences or from competition in market economies. There is a range in level of right-wing positions. The politics of the centre-right involve the acceptance of a degree of hierarchy in society based on the idea that inferior quality of behaviour will lead people to inferior status positions, but claims that people can leave inferior status positions and raise themselves by changing their choices of behaviour. The far-right involves support of strong or complete social hierarchy in society, and supports supremacy of certain individuals or groups deemed to be innately superior who are to be more valued than those deemed to be innately inferior.

The political terms Right and Left were coined during the 18th century, resulting from the French Revolution (1789–99), and referred to where politicians sat in the French parliament; those who sat to the right of the chair of the parliamentary president were broadly supportive of the institutions of the monarchist Ancien Régime. In France, the original Right comprised those politicians supporting hierarchy, tradition, and clericalism. The Right wing invoked natural law and divine law to explain the normality of social inequalities.The use of the expression le droit (the right) became prominent in France after the restoration of the monarchy in 1815, when le droir was applied to describe the Ultra-royalists.

In English-speaking countries it was not until the 20th century that the terms “right” and “left” were generally applied to their own politics. The meaning of right-wing thus “varies across societies, historical epochs, and political systems and ideologies.”Although the term originally designated traditional conservatives and reactionaries, the usage of “right-wing” was extended to describe liberal conservatives, classical liberals, libertarian conservatives, Christian democrats, and types of nationalists. (wikipedia)

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